ANTIQUE CITIES

There are ruins of many antique cities in both east and west directions of Alanya. The cities are located either on the sea-side or on the step cliffs and are of Pamphilia and Cilicia Eras. The ruins reflect the characteristics of the region. The stone carved ash boxes exhibited in Alanya Archeological Museum, show the death burial culture of Cilicia region. The entrance to these ruins are free.


COLYBRASSUS
It is a city situated in Taurus Mountains, 30 km northwest of Alanya and belonged to Roman period.

Many inscriptions scattered around, have a lot of important information about the history of the city although the details are still unknown to us. Among the ruins that exist today, the important ones are the temple with a corner stone in Ion style, tombs in Necropolis and a grave that was carved as low arch and inside of it was decorated with head of Medusa. The two sides of the arch are in eagle figure. Also in the city one can see an odeon, city walls with towers, exedras, some examples of houses. The visit to the site is free. The other name of this ancient city is Ayasofya.

HAMAXIA
It is 12 kilometres far from Alanya. Within the borders of Pamphylia Region. Strabon, the eminent geographer of the antiqity, mentions that the timber used in ship building was grown in the town and particularly there were cedar trees in the town.

It is believed that the town was founded before Roman period. Rectangular stone shaped tower shows Hellenistic features. The most important ruins of the town include; an antique fountain. Pool, semicircle designed, excedra whose seat are still seen still readable inscriptions, religious complex and necropolis. Some inscriptions discovered in the town pave emblem of Hermes which indicates existence of Hermes temple in the town. Considerable parts of an embossed otel Ostoteks exhibited in the Alanya Museum were discovered in the town. It is known that a small community not being rich lived in Hamaxia between A.D. 100 and 200 under reign of Coracesium. Important part of the ruins are dated from Roman and Byzantine Period. It is free to visit this site. It has a nice view of Alanya from he slope that faces the sea. When there is no mist, it is possible to see that coast which is more than 100 km between Gazipasa and Manavgat.

SYEDRA
Located on 20 km east of Alanya. As a result of the excavations carried out by Alanya Museum, it is believed that the history of the city dates back to 7th century B.C.

The city is surrounded by city walls. There are several cisterns which provided water needs of the city. The nish caved into the stone in one of the caves are decorated with frescoes. The cave must have been used for religious purposes. And is known as baptising cave. There is a wonderful bath building on the east of the town. There are mosaics on some part of the bath floor. Just on the west of the bath, in north-south direction the columned street of the town lies. There are nishes on the north walls of the street. In the excavations it was understood that the street is in 250*10 metres sizes and covered with wooden roof and south is open. There are many inscriptions about races and competition. Other important structures in the town include temple, theatre, acropolis, necropolis, agora, houses and town walls. The inscription which was prepared from Roman emperor Septimus Severus’s letter sent to the city in 194 A.D. is exhibited in Alanya Museum. In his letter the emperor expresses his gratefulness to the people of Syedra who resist the bandits and undevaut attacking the city. Entrance to the site is free. It is necesarry to walk 1 km. after the motorway finishes. Going up the hill through the scrubby land, one can see the beauty of Mediterranean and Alanya fortress .

LEARTES
Located about 25 km. away from Alanya, on the skirt of a mountain elevating at the entrance of Dim Valley on Taurus Mountains.

The city takes place in the border of the region known as Mountainous Cilicia Region in antique age. Although it spread inland it also has a harbour. Inscription dating from B.C. 7th century in Fenike language and found in the town is exhibited in the alanya museum. The important ruins of the town remaining at present are observatory towers, Caracalla excedra, odeon or theatre, Zeus Megistos temple, Apollon temple, Caesar temple, agora, bath and necropolis. According to the inscriptions that are available, this area lived its best period between the first and third centuries. Other important art discovered in the town is ‘diploma of a Roman soldier’ being exhibited in the Alanya Museum, which gives information about military aspect of the town. The ruins are dated from Roman period. Visit to the site is free.