GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION OF ALANYA
Alanya is in the east of Antalya which is in the Mediterranean region in Turkey. The distance from Antalya to Alanya is 135 km. Alanya is located on the 36° 30′ 07″- 36° 36′ 31″ north latitude and 31° 38′ 40″ -32° 32′ 02″ east longitude.
The rhinoceras nose of Alanya, a rocky promontory on the sea, identifies it from miles away. Two sandy beaches stretch east and west of the rock and inland the Taurus Mountains rise to snowy heights.
In the South of the city there is the Mediterranean Sea, in the west Manavgat, in the east Gazipasa and in the North the range of Taurus Mountains and plateaus.The altitude of the plateaus is about 1000 metres. In the South of the city there is Alanya Peninsula surrounded by its 6500 metres long citadels. The peninsula is separated from the Taurus with the plains. The way from the Taurus to central Anatolia is only possible through Kusyuvasi, Yelköprü, Kocdovat, Dim and Alara valleys. The difficult mountainpass to the Central Anatolia made Alanya a port city. The Red Tower, an orange-coloured octagonal brick tower on the water’s edge, was built in 1226 by Sultan Alaettin Keykubat 1 to help in the defenses of the horbour. Nowadays this tower and harbour are important places of Alanya. Many tourists come to see the historical places every year.
Coming to Alanya is not difficult. You can use either the highways or the airways. Antalya has an international airport and it takes about 2 hours from the airport to Alanya by bus.
The population of Alanya has been increasing since it became a touristic city. It has different population in winter and summer. In winter it is nearly 150 000 but in summer it is 500 000.The city is on the South coast of Turkey, it is a touristic city and it has a warm climate so a lot of people migrate to Alanya.
Mountains and Rivers
The North of the city is surrounded by the Taurus. Some of the mountains are:
1 – Akdag 2451 metres
2 – Gökbel Hill 2301 metres
3 – Kaplica Hill 2205 metres
4 – Delikli Mountain 2197 metres
5 – Yagmurtasi Hill 1937 metres
6 – Çigdem Mountain 1927 metres
7 – Beskaklik Mountain 1874 metres
8 – Karakusak Hill 1841 metres
9 – Cebelireis Mountain 1649 metres
10 – Sivrice Hill 389 metres
Some people who live in Alanya spend their summer season in plateaus in theTaurus because the weather in plateaus is cool in summer.
There are a lot of rivers in Alanya. The flow of the rivers decreases in summer because of the hot and dry weather, in winter it increases. Some of the rivers are used for watering the fertile fields. Alara Cayi, Dim Cayi, Oba Cayi, Serapsu and Kargi Cayi are important rivers of Alanya. There are picnic areas near these rivers and they are popular places for the tourists and local people in summer.
The Flora of Alanya
The area of the city is 175 678 hectares. The city has the most fertile lands in the Mediterranean region because of its suitable climate and location. The main flora is bush. You can see plants like olives, carob, myrtle and santalum. When you climb up the Taurus, you can see red pine, oak trees and cedar trees. Many different kinds of plants are grown in Alanya. Oranges, bananas, lots of vegetables are grown here. You can see eucalyptus trees, avocado and kiwi in the parks and streets. It is possible to grow every kind of plant in Alanya and this makes the city an agriculture and tourism paradise.
The Climate of Alanya
The city has the typical Mediterranean climate. It is rainy and humid in winter, hot and dry in summer. In winter it rains very heavily with thunder. July and August are the hottest months, January and February are the coldest months. Alanya is a popular city among the people in Europe with its climate, history,beautiful beaches. You can sunbathe from April to November. Alanya has become a tourists’ paradise with year-round sun.